Athens to Berlin - PROFILE - Bani pierduti? (Lost money?)

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  • lucy
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</strong>This is a profile of a very interesting new project coming out of Romania, aiming to make government finances understandable for the average citizen. It is written based on contributions from Elena Calistru, who kicked off the project.</strong>

Vital Statistics

  • </strong>Name of Project:</strong> Bani pierduti? (Or, in English, “Lost money?”)
  • </strong>Link to project:</strong>
  • </strong>Approximate number of users engaged through the project:</strong> >30.000

What is the background of the project?

The project is one of the five winners of the Restart Romania 2011 competition, initiated by Techsoup Romania with the support of the US Embassy to Bucharest.

Starting at the beginning of August 2011, 104 projects were registered for the Social Justice Challenge Restart Romania, and went under the scrutiny of the community. In the end, a jury formed by representatives of the diplomatic community, business sector and IT industry decided the selection of 10 finalist projects. Between 28 - 30 October, the Restart Romania Hackathon transformed the ten ideas with the help of programmers and communication specialists into more concrete platforms which were presented within the Restart Romania Gala. Bani Pierduti was voted within the Gala as one of the five winners of 5000 USD funding.

What are the aims?

The project formerly known as “Where’s my LEI, man?” entered the competition aiming to centralize the publicly available financial information regarding the projects financed through public money (budgets, annual reports etc.).The main objective was make authorities accountable in the manner in which public funds are spent.

After winning the Restart Romania Gala, the project went through a consistent re-thinking aiming to identify both the best technologies for a more complex platform than initially planned, and the necessary data sets which allowed the best representation on how public funds are spent in Romania. Thus, if at the very beginning the project only aimed to use the state budget data, it now operates with data comprising the budgets dedicated to social assistance and public health, the budgets at local level for the Romanian counties, projects financed through EU funds, comparisons with the percentage allocated to various sectors in other EU counties etc.

The project is a now a permanent programme of a newly-established NGO – Funky Citizens (website under construction at time of publication). Which aims to engage civil society (taxpayers) in the decision making process related to public funds through the use of technology. Its major objectives are:

  • Quantitative and qualitative growth of the awareness on the issue
  • Offering information and tools for influencing the decision-making process To achieve its objectives, the project relies on three pillars:
  • Data & process presentation
  • Public participation
  • Understanding the bigger picture

How does the platform tackle the issues you outlined?

The three pillars of the platform respond to the following problems:

</strong>Problem #1: Fiscal policies represent a “mystery” for the majority of citizens</strong>

Consequences: Lack of information and understanding of the process; scarce public oversight of public funds administration; public spending is associated with corruption and distrust

How we respond: Educate citizens on the topic

</strong>Problem #2: Little or no participation of the community to the fiscal policy</strong>

Consequences: Limited use of existing tools for participation to the decision-making process; needs of the community not reflected in the resource allocation; no feedback to the policy makers on their decision

How we respond: Facilitate direct participation

</strong>Problem #3: Lack of vision from governments on investment/ development priorities</strong>

Consequences: Short-term planning leading to limited predictability and accountability; bad administration, mismanagement, or corruption in public spending; incoherence between the fiscal policy and other public policies

How we respond: Analyse and understand data

What is the role of technology in the approach to solving that problem?

The role of technology is an important one, since the web-based platform is the main feature of the project. So far, transparency in the fiscal policy can be achieved only through complicated documents published on the websites of the authorities or through FOIA requests. Also, there were no e-participatory budgeting experiences so far, the only manner to organize public debates on budgetary issues being offline events.

What are the successes of this project?

The project is still very young and in its early stages. However, the evaluation of its outcomes already shows several approaches which proved successful:

  • A consultation process with relevant governmental stakeholders prior to the launch of the project proved to be a good approach in ensuring a supportive or at least a not contentious interaction with the authorities, given the sensitivity of the subject.
  • The gradual implementation and launch of the features of the platform seems a successful strategy to educate citizens on a difficult subject while creating interest and awareness on the topic.
  • The engagement of different categories of supporters of the project (from young dynamic professionals to the diplomatic community) ensured a greater visibility for the initiative and is expected to further enlarge the community of advocates for more transparency in fiscal matters.

Are there areas where the project failed? What are the challenges?

The main challenges of the project are mostly related to two major issues encountered by such initiatives:

  • The absence of an open data approach in the release of official information related to public spending makes the implementation of the project slower as well as resource-consuming.
  • A general perception that public money are lost due to corruption makes people less inclined to look closer at the entire policy cycle and thus the efforts to educate or to engage them harder.

Have you had particular problems with the data?

Even though Romania has just joined the Open Government Partnership, the implementation of the open data format for governmental data sets is expected to take at least a few years. Thus, the various data formats present on the websites of authorities or even their absence in several cases made data collection a rather difficult process.

Are you actively seeking the involvement of the user groups?

The project also envisages that an entire pillar of the platform (“public participation”) will actively seek the involvement of the user groups. The implementation of this service started with two features (large investment projects timelines and legislative early-warnings) which seek an interaction with the public and future plans propose to increase the amount of citizen participation. For example, there are plans to do this by:

  • encouraging direct feedback into laws already in draft stages which allows users to cut, add to and restructure proposed to be bills on the basis of the desired budgetary outcome,
  • building a simulator for the central budget - Allowing people to visualise and explore the effect of different to be revenue and expenditure policies (e.g. raising taxes)
  • promoting public participation in the annual budget cycle through a calendar of debates on budgets as well as pilot offline events with webcasts

The most consistent involvement features are expected to be implemented by the end of 2012 – early 2013, as a second stage in the development of the project.

What are the plans for the future?

The project was planned as a continuously growing platform and its scaling or additional features were taken into consideration from the very beginning. A mobile feature is expected to be implemented into the web platform in 2013, a plan which also involves the use of social audits for public contracts.

Thanks to Elena for putting this post together and we hope that she will stay in touch with updates about the impact of the platform when it becomes more established. We are always looking for the most exciting case studies from around the world. If you know of one we should feature, please drop us a line via the OpenSpending Mailing List. Interested in helping to make data open in Romania? Start a discussion on the OKFN-Romania list.